Liposuction is a surgical procedure to remove fat deposits from under the skin in order to shape the body.
You may be considering having liposuction. The decision to have liposuction is yours and you should make it after being informed about the benefits and risks of liposuction.This reference summary explains liposuction. It discusses the indications, alternative treatments, preparation, the procedure, the risks and complications, and what to expect after surgery.
The body stores excess sugar in the blood as energy. Excess sugar in the body is converted to fat and stored in fat cells. When the body needs extra energy, the fat is
converted to sugar for energy.
This document is for informational purposes and is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a doctor or healthcare professional or a recommendation for any particular treatment plan. Like any printed material, it may become out of date over time.
It is important that you rely on the advice of a doctor or a healthcare professional for your specific condition.
Fat cells are present under the skin throughout the body. However they are more concentrated in the abdomen, hips, thighs, calves, arms, buttocks, back, and neck. Fat is also stored inside the abdomen around the stomach and
intestines. Gender and genetic differences help decide where fat is stored as well.
Where fat get stored is also a function of the person’s genes.
Though dieting should burn fat throughout the body, sometimes it may not take it from the desired location where the fat is stored. Dieting tends to decrease the size of the fat cells but does not get rid of the actual fat cells.
Therefore when a person puts back on the weight they have lost it tends to come back in the areas where they had the most fat originally.
Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes fat deposits from selected body
locations in order to shape the body. The fat is removed from under the skin using a vacuum-suction canula. The canula is a medical device that looks like a pen and is hollow inside. Fat can also be eliminated using an ultrasonic probe that breaks up fat into small pieces then removes it with suction. This break up process is called emulsification. th large breasts, a condition known as gynecomastia.
sually not covered by medical insurance. Check with your health insurance company.
the fat may return to sites where the liposuction was performed or to other
keup to de-emphasizeuld consider growing a beard to hide fat in the neck.
medical condition, have an infection, or edema are not candidates for liposuction.
lements. Some of these may
interfere with anesthetics taken during liposuction.
Liposuction may be performed on the abdomen, hips, thighs, calves, arms, buttocks, back, neck, or face. It can also be used to reduce the breast size in men wi
In some cases, liposuction can be medically indicated to remove fat tumors known
lipomas. However, it is mostly an optional cosmetic procedure for shaping the body.
For this reason, it is u Liposuction results may not be permanent. If the patient gains weight after liposuction surgeryAlternative Treatments To shape your body and trim the fat, you may conside dieting or exercising as an alternative to liposuction.
You can also use clothing and maareas of the body that have fat.
Men co Preparing for Surgery
Your doctor will first examine you to determine if you are good candidate for surgery. People who have a serious
Make sure to tell your doctors about all the prescription and off-the-shelf medicatio
you are taking, including nutritional and herbal suppThis document is for informational purposes and is not intended to be a substitute for
the advice of a doctor or healthcare professional or a recommendation for any particular treatment plan. Like any printed material, it may become out of date over time. It is important that you rely on the advice of a doctor or a healthcare prof
essional for your specific condition.
You should stop the use of aspirin or aspirin-containing products, as well as over-the-counter pain medications like Excedrin®, ibuprofen, Motrin®, Advil®,
products 7 days before the procedure. Taking such products can increase the risk of
bleeding during or after the procedure. After the procedure, your
doctor will tell you when it is safe to restart these medications.
People who are on blood thinners, such as warfarin or Coumadin®,
cannot have liposuction without normalizing their INR first.
Your doctor will evaluate the skin at the site where you are
considering liposuction to determine if the skin is elastic enough to
shrink after liposuction. If it is not, it will be baggy after liposuction.
Your physician may prescribe an antibiotic for you to take before
and after the surgery. This is to prevent infections.
The purpose of the initial consultation about liposuction is to inform you about whether you are a good candidate for this type of surgery, the benefits and the risks of the procedure. Ask your doctor any question you have about liposuction during your consultation.
You may be tired or uncomfortable after liposuction. You will not be able to drive
yourself home. Discuss this with your physician before the procedure. You will need to have someone drive you home after the liposuction procedure and stay with you for the first 24 hours.
Liposuction may be performed in a doctor’s office, a surgical center, or a hospital. On the day of surgery, the physician will mark your body with a pen to show where the fat that will be removed is located.
Then you will receive anesthesia, which is medicine that prevents you from feeling
pain. Depending on the liposuction procedure and your doctor, you may have local
anesthesia, local anesthesia with sedation, regional anesthesia, or general anesthesia.
During general anesthesia you will be asleep; during local or regional anesthesia you will be awake but won’t feel pain.
This document is for informational purposesand is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a doctor or healthcare professional or a recommendation for any particular treatment plan. Like any printed material, it may become out of date over time. It is important that you rely on the advice of a doctor or a healthcare professional for your specific condition.
Once the anesthesia is given, the physician will make a small incision and fluid will be injected into the area to be liposuctioned which will help reduce bleeding and help break up the fat cells. After that, a canula, a hollow tube that is about the size and shape of a skinny pen, will be inserted into the incision. It is connected to a vacuum pump. The physician moves this canula back and forth to suction out the
The fat and liquid that has been removed are collected in a flask. The physician will monitor that amount very carefully. Because it may be necessary to replace some of that fluid. This is done with an intravenous line or an IV line.
Risks and Complications Like any surgical procedures, liposuction surgery has risks and complications. You should know about them in order to determine if the risks outweigh the benefits for you.
If you decide to have liposuction, knowing about these complications may help you detect and treat them early, if they should happen.
The risks and complications include .
Risks related to anesthesia,
Risks related to surgery in general, and
Risks specific to liposuction.
Risks of general anesthesia include nausea, vomiting, urinary retention, cut lips,
chipped teeth, sore throat, and headache. More serious risks of general anesthesia
include heart attacks, strokes, and pneumonia.
Your anesthesiologist will discuss these risks with you and ask you if you are allergic to certain medications.
Local anesthesia has also risks resulting from high doses of Lidocaine®. The signs of this are lightheadedness, restlessness, drowsiness, tinnitus, slurred speech, metallictaste in the mouth, numbness of the lips and tongue, shivering, muscle twitching and convulsions. Lidocaine toxicity may cause the heart to stop, which can be fatal.
Blood clots in the legs can occur due to inactivity during and after the surgery. These usually show up a few days after surgery. They cause the leg to swell and hurt. This document is for informational purposes and is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a doctor or healthcare professional or a recommendation for any particular treatment plan. Like any printed material, it may become out of date over time. It is important that you rely on the advice of a doctor or a healthcare professional for your specific condition.